The Quinnipiac are the Indigenous inhabitants along the Atlantic shoreline of what is now New Haven, Connecticut to Madison on the east and as far north as Meriden.  During the early 17th Century, they were trading partners with the Dutch, who called them the Quiropy.  Decades later, the prominent leaders were Montowese, Momaugin, and Shaumpishuh.  With the advent of English colonization after the Pequot War, the community removed to what may be New England's first Native American reservations in Mioonkhtuk (East Haven), Totoket (Branford), Menunkatuck (Guilford), and part of Quinnipiac proper (North Haven).  After much land loss in the 18th Century, some community members removed to Waterbury or merged with either the Paugussett or the Tunxis in Farmington before migrating westward in the Brothertown movement.  Other Quinnipiac remained in Connecticut, living and working in shoreline towns, sometimes selling baskets or other Indian wares.  The Quinnipiac are not presently one of Connecticut's recognized tribes, nor do they have government-to-government relations with the federal government.  For a more complete history of the tribe, see John Menta, The Quinnipiac: Cultural Conflict in Southern New England (New Haven, CT: Peabody Museum of Natural History, 2005).

Dutch map (detail) showing the 17th Century Quinnipiac (as Quyropey) territory: Nicolaas Visscher II (1649-1702), NOVI BELGII NOVAEQUE ANGLIAE NEC NON PARTIS VIRGINIAE TABULA, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, the Dutch National Library.  Image courtesy of Wikipedia.

Rock ore makes better iron than bog ore. Three tons Assawompset ore yield one ton of iron.

Ponaganset Friends Meeting, 65 by 28

Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Herring Pond Wampanoag Tribe
Geography, Land, & the Environment, Culture & Society

We certify that we have no 1 knowledge or remembrance that Hannah Rushick, a squaw, was ever possessed of any property in this town or ever2 resided therein or that she is an inhabitant of Branford.

Whereas we, the subscribers, were appointed by the Honorable General Assembly of the Governor and Company of the State of Connecticut at their sessions at Hartford in May A.D. 1777 a committee to make a just and equitable distribution and division of the lands lying said Farmington belonging to the Tunxis Tribe of Indians and in which said tribe have an interest in common, having respect to expenses paid by individuals, which ought to have been defrayed by the tribe at large to each proprietor in said tribe and to make their report, etc.

To the Honorable General Assembly of the Colony of Connecticut now sitting at Hartford in said colony.

Upon the memorial of Elijah Wampey, Solomon Mossuck, Samuel Adams, and the rest of the tribe of Tunxis Indians living in Farmington, showing to this Assembly that upon the invitation of the Indians of the Six Nations to come up and dwell with them, promising them a sufficiency of lands for them, etc., the memorialists propose to remove and pray that Colonel John Strong, Fisher Gay, Esq., and

Upon the petition of Adam, an Indian, one of the Natives and descendants of the New Haven or Quinnipiac Indians, in behalf of himself and the rest of said tribe, representing to this Assembly that by the ancient transactions of the proprietors of said New Haven there was reserved for the use of said tribe three pieces of land at or near south end, so called in said New Haven, the whole containing about thirty acres, which land John Morris, late of said New Haven, deceased, by a certain instrument under his hand

[torn] the petition

Adam Indian v. Timothy and Joseph Tuttle

To the petition and serving


Much Honored and Worthy Gentlemen,

My most observant respects promised.  Almighty God having at this time visited sundry families in our plantation with sickness, and my family amongst the rest and myself particularly with weakness and infirmity.  I do doubt whether I shall be able, and of sufficient strength to wait upon yourselves at this