The Quinnipiac are the Indigenous inhabitants along the Atlantic shoreline of what is now New Haven, Connecticut to Madison on the east and as far north as Meriden.  During the early 17th Century, they were trading partners with the Dutch, who called them the Quiropy.  Decades later, the prominent leaders were Montowese, Momaugin, and Shaumpishuh.  With the advent of English colonization after the Pequot War, the community removed to what may be New England's first Native American reservations in Mioonkhtuk (East Haven), Totoket (Branford), Menunkatuck (Guilford), and part of Quinnipiac proper (North Haven).  After much land loss in the 18th Century, some community members removed to Waterbury or merged with either the Paugussett or the Tunxis in Farmington before migrating westward in the Brothertown movement.  Other Quinnipiac remained in Connecticut, living and working in shoreline towns, sometimes selling baskets or other Indian wares.  The Quinnipiac are not presently one of Connecticut's recognized tribes, nor do they have government-to-government relations with the federal government.  For a more complete history of the tribe, see John Menta, The Quinnipiac: Cultural Conflict in Southern New England (New Haven, CT: Peabody Museum of Natural History, 2005).

Dutch map (detail) showing the 17th Century Quinnipiac (as Quyropey) territory: Nicolaas Visscher II (1649-1702), NOVI BELGII NOVAEQUE ANGLIAE NEC NON PARTIS VIRGINIAE TABULA, Koninklijke Bibliotheek, the Dutch National Library.  Image courtesy of Wikipedia.

Plan of Indian Grant&_page1.png
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Tunxis
Geography, Land, & the Environment, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Map showing lots of East Haven proprietors and Indian Neck proprietors [incomplete]

Adams, Samuel (son of John)

The son of John and Sarah Adams of the Quinnipiac community of New Haven, Connecticut, Samuel Adams moved with his family to Farmington.  He later married Mary Fowler, the daughter of David Fowler, and settled at Brothertown, New York. The couple had several children, Thankful. John, Simeon, Hannah, Emeline, and brought up Edwin C. Adams, an orphan.  

Samuel Adams served in the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812.  He was killed in the British raid on the U.S. store depot at Black Rock, New York.  

Know all men by these presents that I, Susannah, Indian woman, widow, of Farmington, alias Tunxis Sepos, in the County of Hartford and Colony of Connecticut in New England, that for the sum of twelve pounds money in hand received of Adam Indian of said Farmington and, therefore, do give, grant, sell, and confirm unto him, said Adam Indian, his heirs, and assigns forever, one certain track of land situate lying within the township of said Farmington, containing about three acres and half of land lying on the back

. . .

Reverend Mr. Ruggles told me in the pursuit of Pequots, 1637, one of the sachems was overtaken at Long Point on south side of Sachem Head Harbor.  He attempted to swim across the Chops but was taken and convicted in a court martial, shot by order by an Indian with arrow, and his head struck off and stuck up on the crotch of a great tree.  Hence, the place called Sachem Head.

Cataloguing:     475

Cuppocosson thou art indicted by the name of Cuppocosson for that thou didst on the 26th day of August last about two of the clock in the afternoon not having the fear of god before thine eyes, by the instigation of the Devil, willfully and maliciously, with intent to kill John Evarts of the Town of Guilford, fired a gun at him.  The said Evarts loaden[1] with large drop shot which piercing his hea
There being sundry Indians brought before us on the 26th of August, 1705 on examination concerning the sudden death of two persons and two more being wounded,  
Uncas’ right was derived to him by marring the daughter of Sebequenish who dwelt Hammonasset.  The above agreement was confirmed by deed January 13, 1663 by Uncas and his son, Ahaddon, Sebequanash’s grandson, unto William Leete and Samuel Kitchel in consideration of an Indian coat and shirt cloth to the value of forty shillings, together with remainder that lays between the East River and Hammonasset, except part which was sold by said Uncas long since to Mr. Phoenix and by Mr. Phoenix given Mr.