North America -- United States of America -- State of Connecticut -- Middlesex County -- Haddam {Id= 649}

Haddam, Connecticut

Indigenous NameCockaponset
Territorial Homeland: Wangunk Territory
Associated Tribal Affiliations: Mohegan, Western Niantic
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Settled in 1662 as Thirty Mile Island Lands, Haddam was established in 1668.  Its East Society became East Haddam in 1734.  Cockaponset was the Indian name for the western part of the town.


Native Place Names


  • Cockaponset (“the boundary is at these falls”) is brook also known as Ponset and tract of land in Haddam that was the location of a Wangunk village.  The brook flows north through Cockaponset to the Connecticut River, where it becomes Higganum Creek.  JT/CPN
  • Gunger (“high rocks”) is the name for heights a mile south of Cockaponset, north of Ponset Brook.  CPN
  • Higganum (“at the quarry where we get stones for making axes” or “fishing place”) it is the name for a hollow, a creek at the tidal portion of the Ponset River, and a river that is formed by the joining of the Ponset, Bible Rock, and Candlewood Hill brooks and runs a half-mile to the Connecticut River. The river is also called the Hockanum (“place very much hooked-like”). CPN
  • “Indian Hollow” is the name of an Indian community at a deep hollow on Haddam Neck.  CPNHaddam Neck.  CPN
  • Niuppaquashneag (“good flag place” or “land at the long pond”) is a brook, runs southerly from Pocatapaug Pond in Chatham to Salmon River in Haddam Neck, opposite Mount Tom.  It is now called Pine Brook.  JT/CPN
  • Sobuck is the name of a rivulet that flows north into a swamp between the Connecticut River and north of Red Store Landing.  CPN
  • Taucuk (possibly meaning “a spring or water”) is an island twenty-one miles north of the mouth of the Connecticut River.  It is also called Thirty Mile Island or Haddam Island.  CPN
  • Tomheaganomset (“at the axe or stone quarry”) is the name for a rock that marks an interruption of the trap dike in the valley of the east branch of Higganum brook, or some rock of the same formation on the east side of the brook on or near Cedar Hill.  It is also a brook that marked the south bounds of Sequasson’s territory on the west side of the Connecticut River.  JT/CPN
  • Watiomsque (“great rock by the great river”)  a great rock in the Connecticut River, called by the English “Stone’s Rock,” that served the southwest bound of the Mohegan territory.  JT/CPN

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