Notes by Ezra Stiles on the Indian Communities of Cape Cod including Vocabulary and Place Names

Pumspisset                    Herring River
Wauquunchet pond       East of Quinsuit
Chaucquoke                  White folks
Woponawx                    English
Mooaunaups                 Negroes
Kautaănt                       Great man above
Quitchataset              Sachem of all Sandwich and Barnstable marshes  and to within three miles of Plymouth meeting house.  Two miles Barnstable court house except Falmouth and Mashpee, which were under Popmonet, sachem of the South Sea Indians.
Quitchàtaset (not Quitchautset) sold Sandwich to ten proprietors about 1636.  He was sachem of Monumet and sold part of Mashpee in 1672 or ra[ torn] confirmed a sale of Tookenshosen and Webquish, 1665.1  
Quitchatasset grandfather to Benjamin Sepit, age 84, whom I saw and conversed with.  He is a Quaker.
Mr. Hawley has about seventy five Indian families at Mashpee, not four to a family at a medium.  This tribe of South Sea Indians2 were four times as many in the memory of Mr. Deacon Chipman, age 35.  He says that the only other body of Indians on the Cape now is at Nauset,  maybe half as many at Mashpee.  Mashpee Indians read the Indian Bible of Mr. Eliot of Roxbury.
. . .
At Barnstable I saw a squaw brought up at Middlebury and baptized many years at Sandwich.  I made her repeat several Indian words as the numbers 1, 2, 3, etc. and names of animals (deer, squirrels, etc.) and found they were the same with the Pequot Indian language.
Cataloguing:    588
  • 1. This is a reference to the original 1665 land transaction resulting in reserved lands for the Mashpee. This conveyance, excepting several parcels of marshland and uplands, subsequently sold to Richard Bourne and others, was confirmed in 1685 in the Plymouth Colony Records. ( Shurtleff, Records of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England: Court Orders, Vol. 6, pages 159-160)
  • 2. The Mashpee were also known as the South Sea Indians