Uncas, Ceasar, - 1722

Ceasar Uncas ( ? - November 26, 1722), youngest son of Owaneco, and grandson of Uncas.  He became the de facto Mohegan sachem with the physical decline of his father sometime around 1710.  After the death of Owaneco (c. 1713), Ceasar, with the collective assent of the Mohegans and 500 visiting Indians, ascended to the leadership position as regent for his minor nephew, Mahomet II.  Colonist Jonathan Wickwire remembered the investiture ceremony as one being full of pomp and “expressions of joy.”  Early in his position, he tried to rectify several of the reckless land sales that Owaneco had made and confronted settler encroachments on to Mohegan lands at every instant.  In 1716, he listed as his major complaints damage to his barn at Mohegan Fields, burned or pulled down nces, spoiled crops, and stolen hay.  After repeated negotiation with then Governor Gurdon Saltonstall and the General Assembly had failed to ease the situation, Ceasar, as New London court records show, escalated his hostility from words, to threats, and then to attacks on the colonists’ animals, eventually assaulting colonists themselves.  Ceasar Uncas ruled as the Mohegan sachem until his death in 1722 and was succeeded by his uncle, Major Ben Uncas.  Ceasar Uncas married a Niantic woman, one of Joseph Garrett (Wequashcook III)'s daughters, and had at least one daughter, Ann.  
 
Deposition of John Wickwire, May 29, 1738 (1738.05.29.00). New London Count Court Records. Joshua Hempstead, Diary of Joshua Hempstead of New London, Connecticut (New London, 1901), 127.
Born: 
?
Died: 
November 26, 1722