Tuspaquin (Black Sachem), - 1676
Tuspaquin (Watuspaquin) was the son of Pamontaquask, the sachem of the Wampanoag at Nemasket. He succeeded his father's leadership role inheriting significant tracts of land. His family gained significant prominence with his marriage to Amie, the daughter of Massasoit. The couple had at least two sons, Benjamin and William and lived with a principle residence in Assawompsett, what is present-day Lakeville, Massachusetts. Through the marriage, Tuspaquin became brother-in-law to Metacom (Philip) and served faithfully to him during King Philip's War. With his status as a powwau, many Indians believed Tuspaquin to be impervious to bullets. Tuspaquin led forces against the English at Scituate, Hingham, Weymouth, Bridgewater, Middleborough, and Plymouth. In mid-summer of 1676, Captain Benjamin Church captured a number of Tispaquin's men and some members of the Wampanoag's wife and children, holding them to negotiate the possibility of having Tispaquin lead Church's forces against the Abenaki. When Tuspaquin did surrender himself, Church being absent, he was tried and executed. Benjamin Church, The History of King Philip's War (Boston, MA: John Kimball Wiggin, 1865), 32. Pierce, Indian History, Biography, and Genealogy, 187-201. Bodge, Soldiers in King Philip's War, 386. Nathaniel Philbrick, Mayflower: A Story of Courage, Community and War (New York, NY: Pequin, 2006), 255, 309, 338-339.