Native Northeast Research Collaborative

These are to certify to those whom it may concern, that being desired to testify what I have taken notice of Tom Indian's behavior and manner of conversation, I can say thus much, that he was a fellow notoriously given to lying, to excessive drinking, accustomed to break promise and covenant, and to go away in debt, forward to swear in way of testimony for any if they pleased him by fair speech or in hopes of giving reward.  In brief, a fellow very profane and of no conscience, absenting himself frequently from public ordinances.

Mashonshowett’s grant to land to John Winthrop,  Esq.

Know all men by these presents

Honored Sir,                                                                 


Aguntus was a Narragansett who removed to Quinebaug Country with Allumps and Mashanshawitt and took up residence there as a popular leader.  He was one of Uncas’ cousins. Harry Lee Barnes, “The Wallum Pond Estates,” Rhode Island Historical Society Collections 15 (April 1922), 29-31, 37. 


Allumps (alias Hyams, James) was born of a Narragansett father and a Cowesit mother and lived as a young man with the Narragansett at Pawtuckquachooge.  Because of a quarrel, he, his brother Mashanshawitt (bc.