Connecticut General Assembly Resolve on the Memorial of the Selectmen of Middletown

Upon the memorial of the selectmen of Middletown, Moses Bush, Jeremiah Goodrich, David Sage, Nathaniel White, Daniel Shepard, and others of the Third Society of Middletown aforesaid, showing to this Assembly that the Town of Middletown in the year 1675 granted and recorded of the undivided land in said town to twelve Indians, then being in said Middletown to them and their heirs three hundred acres of land at or near a place called Wangunk, which lays two hundred and fifty acres thereof in the center of said Third Society and the meeting house, being now placed about the middle of said tract, which land situate as aforesaid is a great determent to said society, and the said heirs of said Indians, being now but about forty men, women, and children, and have dispersed themselves some among the Mohegans,1 some to Farmington,2 others to Hartford and New Hartford, and but one squaw and three of her children at Middletown, except a blind squaw of one Cushoy,3 deceased, who has for more then twelve months been supported by the selectmen of Middletown and that part of said land has been leased out by some Indians, since dead.  The land encroached upon where contentions, etc., arise4 and the land situate as aforesaid is a great damage to the settling of said society and that some of said land here aparted to one of the heirs of said Indians by this Assembly and some of them Christianized and desire to have their rights aparted and set off to them in severalty, etc., praying for a committee to enquire into the circumstances of said land,  Indians, etc., and make report of their opinion thereon, or in some other way grant relief as per memorial on file.

Resolved by this Assembly that John Chester, Elisha Williams, and James Wadsworth, Jr., Esqs., be a committee and they are hereby empowered to enquire into all the circumstances referred to in said memorial at the cost of the memorialist and make reports of their opinion therein to this Assembly at their sessions in May next. 

Notation:                   Indians

Legislative Action:       Passed in the Lower House.  Test, William Williams, Clerk.  Concurred in the Upper House . Test, George Wyllys, Secretary / [ Last line is cut off. ] / Bill in form on memorial of selectmen of Middletown / October 1764 / Passed Lower House / Passed Upper House / October 29 p.m. / Memorial delivered to Mr. Whitman for use of committee to be returned in May next / Entered

Cataloguing:                144

  • 1. Hannah Mamanash, for example, married Samuel Ashbow, a Mohegan. They later removed to Farmington.
  • 2. Hannah Squamp married Samuel Adams, a transplanted Quinnipiac at Farmington. Other Wangunk-Tunxis included the Wawowos and Cusk families.
  • 3. Cushoy's widow was Mary Cushoy (Tykens). The names of their children with her have not been established.
  • 4. Evidence of such transgressions do not appear in the records of the Connecticut General Assembly, as one might expect. This may be possibly explained by the fact that, unlike most of the Connecticut tribes at this time, the Wangunk did not have colonial overseers or guardians appointed to manage their affairs.