Mashpee


Mashpee is a town located on Cape Cod, Massachusetts has been the home of the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe for approximately 12,000 years.  The Mashpee Wampanoag are one of the original sixty-nine tribes that belonged to the Wampanoag Nation.  Originally, the Marshpee (later called Mashpee) Tribe was under the oversight of English missionaries for nearly 200 years.  The reservation period in Mashpee officially began in 1677 and restricted the freedom of the Mashpee Wampanoag people until 1868.  From that time up until around 1975 the tribal people were in control of the Mashpee town government, were active business owners and the predominant town residents.  As town and federal politics dramatically changed over the years, the tribe maintained its autonomy as a non-profit organization until 2007 when federal recognition was finally granted after a 30-year legal land suit.

The Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe has both traditional and conventional leadership and maintains a government-to-government relationship with all federal agencies to support the health, education, and welfare needs of the tribe.  The traditional leadership includes the Chief and his Circle of advisers, Medicine Man, and Clan Mothers.  The Chief and Medicine Man have permanent seats at the Tribal Council table to ensure cultural concerns are included in decision-making. Tribal members seek advice, ceremony, and social justice from these leaders.
 

Economically the tribe has adapted and maintained a number of different survival methods besides hunting, fishing, and planting.  During the 17th and 18th centuries tribesmen were involved in the fur, rope, timber, and sassafras trade.  Then in the 19th and early 20th centuries they engaged in the whaling industry, sailing the Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic and Indian Oceans.  

Biographies

Related Documents

Annual Report of Frederic Baylies
Comparison Between William Apes' An Inquiry into the Education, etc. and Statement of the Means of Education, etc.
Contract between the Marshpee Overseers and Phineas Fish
Contract of the Corporation of Harvard College with Phineas Fish
Copy of a Report from a Committee of Mashpee Proprietors
Legal Opinions of Counsel in the Case of Marshpee Indians vs Reverend Phineas Fish
Letter of John Davis to Frederick Baylies
Letter of Josiah Quincy to Phineas Fish
Letter of Josiah Quincy to Phineas Fish
Letter of Phineas Fish to John Davis
Letter of Phineas Fish to John T. Kirkland
Letter of Phineas Fish to John T. Kirkland
Letter of Phineas Fish to Josiah Quincy
Letter of Phineas Fish to Josiah Quincy
Letter of Phineas Fish to Josiah Quincy
Letter of Phineas Fish to William Apes
List of Male Proprietors of Marshpee and Some Familes at Christiantown
Memorial of Phineas Fish to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Minutes respecting the Marshpee Difficulties
Notes by Ezra Stiles on Indian Populations, Stone Piles and Vocabulary
Notes by Ezra Stiles on the Indian Communities of Cape Cod including Vocabulary and Place Names
Notes by Ezra Stiles regarding the Indian Tribes of Cape Cod, Massachusetts Based on a Conversation with Benjamin Sepit and Mr. Williams
Notes regarding the Stone Piles Based on a Conversation with an Unnamed Indian
Petition and Remonstrance of Ebenezer Queppish and Other Mashpee Indians to the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Barnabas Lothrop to the Massachusetts General Court
Petition of Charles Marston, Treasurer of Mashpee, to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Charles Marston, Treasurer of Mashpee, to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Daniel Amos, Oaks Coombs, and Matthias Amos, Selectmen of Mashpee, and Charles Marston, Treasurer of Mashpee, to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Ebenezer Attaquin and Other Mashpee Indians to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Elijah Pocknet and Other Mashpee Indians to to the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of George Thomas Sewall and Lisbon Johnson to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Gideon Hawley to the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Gideon Hawley to the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Gideon Hawley to the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Gideon Hawley to the Massachusetts General Court
Petition of Gideon Nautumpum and Other Mashpee Indians to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Isaac Nautumpum and Others to the Massachusetts General Court
Petition of Isaiah N. Tobey and Others of Barnstable to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of John Cook to Governor William Phips and Council
Petition of Joseph Richards, Noah Webquish, and Others of Mashpee to the Massachusetts General Court
Petition of Mary Plimton to the Massachusetts General Court
Petition of Michael Bacon to the Massachusetts General Court
Petition of Moses Job, Philip Webquish, and other Mashpee Indians to the Massachusetts General Court
Petition of Moses Pocknet and Other Mashpee and Herring Pond Indians to the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Moses Pocknet and Other Mashpee Indians to the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Nathan Pocknet and Other Mashpee Indians to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Nathan Pocknet and Other Mashpee Indians to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Noah Webquish and Other Mashpee Indians to the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Oaks Coombs and Other Mashpee Indians to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Oaks Coombs, Ebenezer Attaquin, and Nathan Pocknet, Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor of Mashpee, to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Oliver Foller to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Phineas Fish to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Reuben Cognehew to His Majesty, King George III of England
Petition of Robin Sunkcasin and Other Mashpee Indians to the Massachusetts General Court
Petition of Samuel Godfrey, John Young, Elias DeGrass, and other Mashpee Proprietors to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Sarah Mye and Other Mashpee Indians to the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Seth Winslow to the Massachusetts General Court
Petition of Simon Popmonet, George Wapock, and John Terkins, Mashpee Indians to the Governor of the Province of Massachusetts
Petition of Solomon Attaquin and Other Proprietors of the Mashpee Tribe to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Solomon Attaquin and William Simon, Selectmen of Mashpee, and Charles Marston, Treasurer of Mashpee, to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Stephen David to the Massachusetts General Court
Petition of Sundry Indians of Mashpee to the Trustees of Harvard College
Petition of the Heirs of Simon Wicket to Governor Belcher and the Massachusetts General Court
Petition of the Mashpee Indians to the Massachusetts General Court
Petition of the Mashpee Indians to the Massachusetts General Court
Petition of the Mashpee Indians to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Walter Spooner and Shearjashub Bourne to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of Walter Spooner to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition of William Mingo, Isaac Coombs, and Ebenezer Attaquin, Selectmen and Overseers of the Poor of Mashpee, to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Petition on Behalf of Mashpee Proprietors to the Massachusetts Governor and Council
Queries of James Walker as to the State of the Indians
Remonstrance of Mashpee Proprietors and Others to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Remonstrance of Phineas Fish to the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Report of Committee regarding Petition of the Heirs of Simon Wicket to Governor Belcher and the Massachusetts General Court
Report of the Committee Appointed by the Massachusetts General Court to Consider Stephen Davids' Petition
Resolve on the Petition of David Ralph to the Massachusetts General Court
Resolve on the Petition of Michael Bacon to the Massachusetts General Court
Response of Reverend Gideon Hawley to Petitions Sent to the Legislature of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts
Response of Sylvanus Bourne and Others to the Petition of the Mashpee Indian to the Massachusetts General Court
Statement of the Means of Education and Religious Instruction Enjoyed by the Marshpee Indians
Summary of Harvard College Records relative to the Mashpee Indians