Endecott, John, 1588 - 1665
John Endecott immigrated to Naumkeag (Salem, Massachusetts) in 1628 to settle upon a grant from the New England Company. In 1629 he served as governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony for six months until the arrival of John Winthrop. Endecott’s Puritan zeal and temper made his management of colonial authority, especially Indian affairs, controversial. In 1636 Endecott led a force of English soldiers to attack Indian villages on Block Island and along the Pequot River for the killing of John Oldham and other settlers. However, the brutality of his punishment only hastened the deterioration of diplomatic relations with the Pequots and their allies. In 1637, Endecott joined Massachusetts’ Standing Council that led the colony into the Pequot War. He was reelected governor in 1644, 1649, 1651, and 1655 and held the positions of Major General of the Massachusetts forces and commissioner for the United Colonies. Francis J. Bremer and Tom Webster, eds., Puritans and Puritanism in Europe and America: A Comprehensive Encyclopedia (Santa Barbara: ABC-CLIO, 2006), 90-91. Shurtleff, Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay, Vol. 2, 1642-1649, 97, 146, 187, 238-239.