Statement of Samuel Mott as to His Guardianship of the Groton Pequot Indians

To the Honourable General Assembly of the State of Connecticut To Be Holden at Hartford the Second Thursday of May, A.D. 1811[1]
 
The representation of the subscriber humbly sheweth that the Pequot Tribe of Indians in the Town of Groton have the possession of a certain tract of land in said Groton of about nine hundred acres sequestered by this state many years ago for the use and support of said Tribe, and it is well known by the Honorable Assembly that the Tribe have always been under the direction and care of an overseer to prevent the neighboring inhabitants from encroaching on their lands and to see that the avails of their land was improved for the benefit of the Tribe.  I would also shew that great difficulty has arisen from the mixing of Negros with the females of said Tribe and from the care necessary to prevent the claims of the Indians of other tribes, a considerable part of said Tribe has within this ten years removed to the Oneida Country[2] and still claim their right of the avails of the sequestered land where their fathers have cultivated and brought to the land, there is but few of the Tribe now left, except some who are aged and some lame and lost their limbs.  Some are blind, so that there is now several who are on constant expanse for boarding and for doctoring from the rents of some lots which are let out yearly.
                 
I have farther to inform Your Honours that Colonel Isaac Avery and myself have for a considerable number of years been overseers to said Tribe and the Colonel informs me that he shall serve no longer, as he does not incline to take the trouble at his advanced age, and I had fully concluded on the same, but some of the Tribe have requested me to serve one year longer to lead a new overseer into the knowledge of the business.  The two persons who have been with me are two of those who live at Oneida and have signed hereunder and wish that Mr. Asa Bellows of Groton may be appointed by Your Honours.  I consider Mr. Bellows an honest man and fit for the business.  I find it more troublesome to ride about and attend to the business, now 75 years old than twenty years ago.[3] 
 
I am with due consideration Your Honours' most obedient humble servant.
 
 
Legislative History:
In the Upper House, read and transmitted to the House of Representatives.  Attest, Thomas Day, Secretary.  In the House of Representatives, read and transmitted to the Office of the Secretary.  Attest,  Charles Denison, Clerk
Notation:
Samuel Mott's Letter to the Honourable General Assembly
Cataloguing:
36, 36a, 46
 
 
 

[1] The second Thursday in May 1811 was the 9th.

[2] The migration to upstate New York is known as the Brotherton Movement.  See Ronald H. Lambert, Sr. (Brothertown Indian Nation), A History of the Brothertown Indians of Wisconsin (AuthorHouse, 2010); William DeLoss Love, Samson Occom and the Christian Indians of New England (The Pilgrim Press, 1899); David J. Silverman, Red Brethren: The Brothertown and Stockbridge Indians and the Problem of Race in Early America (Cornell University Press,  2010);

[3] The Connecticut General Assembly appointed Mott to replace Major Nathan Peters as an Overseer of the Pequots at Groton in May 1798.  PRSC, Vol. 9: 191.