Mashantucket Pequot Community Records, 1813-1830

Mashantucket Pequot Community Records, 1813-1830

This collection of 66 digital heritage items includes manuscript ledgers/accounts, receipts, invoices, bonds, and petitions, associated with five different overseers during the 17-year period between 1813 to 1830.

The vast majority of these materials are part of the New London County Court Records housed at the Connecticut State Library in Hartford, Connecticut, with the remainder residing in the collections of the Indian and Colonial Research Center in Old Mystic and the Connecticut Historical Society in Hartford.
 
More than 2/3 of these digital heritage items are bills or invoices from individuals who provided goods and services to the community. While typically shorter in length, often these invoices yield additional details about entries that appear in the more general ledgers. This is certainly the case with the Mashantucket related invoices.  For example, while the general ledger might include an expense for a coffin, the corresponding bill from the carpenter might mention the name of the Pequot individual for whom the coffin was made.  Likewise, medical bills often include information regarding who was treated and in some case what the treatment was.  The accounts/ledgers themselves serve as a summary or tallying of the expenses and income of the community as provided by the overseer.  In general, the rental of reservation land to neighboring non-natives was the primary source of tribal income and was used to offset expenses such as food, supplies, and other necessaries billed to the tribe over the course of a given year. Of the documents referencing land rental there are more than a few that include important information about land use, functional landscape, and in some cases, use or hereditary rights to certain parcels of land on the reservation.
 
These records span a time period in which there are several significant cultural and historical events relevant to Mashantucket Pequot history, some of which are reflected in the documents themselves.  Similar to those of the neighboring Eastern Pequot community, this collection contains evidence of the continued connection between Brothertown Indians of Mashantucket Pequot descent and the larger Mashantucket Pequot community that remained in Connecticut.  Specifically, records show the return of Brothertown Indians to the Mashantucket reservation in the 1820s and 1830s to either visit or to collect funds that are due them.  Of course, these overseer records were penned in the context of other more local religious and temperance movements that emerged from the Second Great Awakening of which the Mashantucket Pequot were also a part, setting the stage at Mashantucket for the efforts of the Reverend William Apes, an itinerant preacher and activist of Pequot descent.
 
Perhaps most importantly, juxtaposed against these broader historical happenings, these records provide a glimpse into the day-to-day lives of members of the Mashantucket Pequot community in and around the reservation.  Highlighted in these materials are the economic realities associated with obtaining adequate food, housing, education, and healthcare on a much-diminished land base and in the face of a difficult to navigate State bureaucracy. 
 
Equally significant, the overseer records, as well as the biographies of the people associated with them, show the increasing presence of African Americans and People of Color in a shared social space with both the Eastern and Mashantucket Pequot as neighbors, friends, members of the same church, or sometimes spouses or partners.
 
Transcriptions, annotations, biographies, cultural narratives, and scholarly commentaries, as components of each digital heritage item, serve to add context and perspective, and allow a researcher to see beyond the columns of credits and debits and into the lives of the ancestors of today’s Mashantucket Pequot Tribal Nation.
 
Below there are two entry points into the collection.  The first is an interactive timeline with links to digital heritage items and contextual information including the appointment of overseers as well as a number of other important community events.  The second is a listing of the contents of the collection, linking directly to relevant digital heritage items.
           
 
 
 
 
 
 
66 items
In this collection
Items in Collection: 
1821.03.01.00_page1_407.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bill and corresponding receipt for the boarding, care and medical attendance provided to Frederick Toby in January and February of 1820.
1821.03.01.01_page1_403.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bill and corresponding receipt for improvements made to Indian lands
1821.04.06.00_page1_223.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bill and corresponding receipt for providing various members of the tribe with wood and provisions
1822.01.26.00_page1_225.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A confirmation of payment in full of Morgan's account with the Tribe
1822.02.07.00_page1_415.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy
Summary
A confirmation of payment for a coffin
1822.03.07.00_page1_413.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bill and corresponding receipt for supplying James Sunsamon and his family with goods for nearly one year from May 25, 1821 until March 7, 1822
1822.03.08.00_page1_323.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A pledge to pay Mark Daniels the sum of $81.41 for value already received
1822.03.09.00_page1_409.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bill and corresponding receipt for goods and services provided and improvements made to Indian lands
1822.03.12.00_page1_386.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
An itemized list of provisions and clothing delivered to the Western Pequot Indians
1822.06.20.00_page1_031.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
Eneas Morgan and Stephen Billings' report to the New London County Court regarding the Western Pequot's annual income and expenses
1823.01.02.00_page1_399.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bill and corresponding receipt for supplying various Western Pequot Indians with goods and services from May 1822 until January 1823
1823.03.10.00_page1_311.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bill and corresponding receipt for supplying various Western Pequot Indians  with goods and services for nearly one year from March 29, 1822 until March 10, 1823
1823.03.11.00_page1_313.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
An itemized list of provisions provided to and bills paid for the Western Pequot Indians
1823.04.08.00_page1_302.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bill and corresponding receipt for supplying James Sunsamon  with goods and services for nearly one year from April 20, 1822 until April 8, 1823
1823.06.00.01_page1_391.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
Eneas Morgan's report to the New London County Court regarding the Western Pequot's annual income and expenses
1823.06.18.00_page1_380.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bill and corresponding receipt for supplying various Western Pequot Indians  with goods and services for a one year from 1822 until 1823
1823.12.30.00_page1_372.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A receipt for medical services rendered to the Tribe
1826.01.13.00_page1_358.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bill and corresponding receipt for goods provided and services rendered for various members of the Tribe from March 1824 to January 1826
1824.01.15.00_page1_395.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bill and corresponding receipt for supplying James Sunsamon and his wife, and father with goods and services from August 1823 to January 1825
1824.03.10.00_page2_308.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bond for the assurance of the faithful care and management of the Tribe's lands, etc.
1824.03.12.00_page1_319.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bill and corresponding receipt for legal services rendered  as per order of the New London County Court
1824.06.14.00_page1_360.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bill and corresponding receipt for supplying goods and services to various Western Pequot Indians from May of 1823 to February of 1824
1824.06.14.00_page1_397.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A bill and corresponding receipt for supplying goods and services to various Western Pequot Indians from March of 1823 to March of 1824
1824.06.16.00_page1_393.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashantucket Pequot
Category
Work, Poverty, & Economy, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
An itemized list of provisions provided to and bills paid for the Western Pequot Indians from June 15, 1823 to June 1824