Map of the reserve land of the Indians at Totoket (Branford)The Totoket were an Indigenous community of Quinnipiac living in the area of present-day Branford, Connecticut.  When the English began to settle there in 1644, the Totoket kept for themselves a 200-acre reservation on the peninsula known as Indian neck.  As pressures from colonists to move on to the Neck increased, the Totoket's leader Wampon developed a plan that would allow him to hold on to his community's land as long as he could.  Instead of resisting, he accommodated them by renting out pieces of the reservation to the English as farm lots.  But the strategy could not withstand the force of colonization.  The first deed to pass Indian Neck land over to the English was a 30-acre parcel in 1685.  More land was later sold to pay medical bills, legal expenses, and debt. From 1687-1744, Branford's Congregational Church purchased most of the rest of the Indian Neck reservation.  With such land loss, many of the Totoket removed elsewhere, joining their other Quinnipiac kin, settling among other Indians, or leaving the shoreline entirely.  Menta, The Quinnipiac, 129-30, 147-48, 170-171.  Map 'The reserve on Indian Neck in Branford, Connecticut by Pam Baldwin, Leon Yacher, and Linda Olendar in Menta, 128.
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To all people to whom this presents shall come, Greeting.   

At a County Court held at New Haven the Third Tuesday of March 1703/4

The Grand Jurors for our Sovereign Lady, the Queen, upon their oaths do present that John Jeffery, an Indian belonging to Branford in the County of New Haven, the fear of God not having, and being instigated by the Devil, hath at sundry times contrary to the law and peace of God and of our Sovereign Lady, the Queen, wickedly and feloniously committed sundry outrages to the extreme danger and disturbance of the good subjects of the Queen, viz.,

Much Honored and Worthy Gentlemen,

My most observant respects promised.  Almighty God having at this time visited sundry families in our plantation with sickness, and my family amongst the rest and myself particularly with weakness and infirmity.  I do doubt whether I shall be able, and of sufficient strength to wait upon yourselves at this


Qussuckquansh, the sachem of the Totoket band of the Quinnipiac in present day Branford, Connecticut, was a member of an influential family.  He served as councilor to his nephew Momauguin (sachem of the Quinnipiac at New Haven) and his niece Shaumpishuh (sachem of the Menunkatuck at Guilford, Connecticut.  He was elderly in 1638, and it is uncertain when he died.  He was succeeded by Wampom as sachem.  Menta, The Quinnipiac, 19, 53, 55, 85, 93-94


Quibus, presumably a Quinnipiac, lived in Branford, Connecticut perhaps as early as 1680.  He was violently assaulted by another Quinnipiac, John Jeffrey, in 1704 and left for dead.  As no case for murder was subsequently brought against Jeffrey, Quibus apparently survived his wounds.

Jeffrey, John

John Jeffrey was the son of the Totoket leader Wayawousit (Jeffrey) of Branford, Connecticut.  Not much is known about John Jeffrey other than his troubles with English authorities.  In 1703 and 1704, authorities prosecuted him for assaults on a number of Indian people and threatening to kill Englishmen. In each case he was found guilty and ordered to pay a heavy fine, the payment of which required selling tribal land.


Nawattokis (alias Richard, later “Old Richard”) was a Totoket Quinnipiac who lived in Branford, Connecticut.  While his age is unknown, he was considered elderly in 1717.  Called “Richard” by the English, Nawattokis had at least one son, Mannapollet, who was called “Young Richard.”  Both served on the tribal council of Wompon, as their names appear in an agreement with Branford officials in 1686.  In 1703, Nawattokis was seriously wounded in an attack by John Jeffrey, the son of Wayawousit.  He apparently survived his injuries, for in 1717, he and Mannapollet sold eight acres of land in Ind