Mashpee

Mashpee is a town located on Cape Cod, Massachusetts has been the home of the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe for approximately 12,000 years.  The Mashpee Wampanoag are one of the original sixty-nine tribes that belonged to the Wampanoag Nation.  Originally, the Marshpee (later called Mashpee) Tribe was under the oversight of English missionaries for nearly 200 years.  The reservation period in Mashpee officially began in 1677 and restricted the freedom of the Mashpee Wampanoag people until 1868.  From that time up until around 1975 the tribal people were in control of the Mashpee town government, were active business owners and the predominant town residents.  As town and federal politics dramatically changed over the years, the tribe maintained its autonomy as a non-profit organization until 2007 when federal recognition was finally granted after a 30-year legal land suit.

The Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe has both traditional and conventional leadership and maintains a government-to-government relationship with all federal agencies to support the health, education, and welfare needs of the tribe.  The traditional leadership includes the Chief and his Circle of advisers, Medicine Man, and Clan Mothers.  The Chief and Medicine Man have permanent seats at the Tribal Council table to ensure cultural concerns are included in decision-making. Tribal members seek advice, ceremony, and social justice from these leaders.
 

Economically the tribe has adapted and maintained a number of different survival methods besides hunting, fishing, and planting.  During the 17th and 18th centuries tribesmen were involved in the fur, rope, timber, and sassafras trade.  Then in the 19th and early 20th centuries they engaged in the whaling industry, sailing the Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic and Indian Oceans.  

1834.02.01.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy, Culture & Society
Summary
A letter from a Mashpee overseer, discussing William Apes' and Phineas Fish's conduct at Mashpee
1833.12.05.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag, Herring Pond Wampanoag Tribe
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy, Culture & Society
Summary
A letter from Phineas Fish defending his service to the Indians at Mashpee and Herring Pond
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Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag, Herring Pond Wampanoag Tribe
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy, Culture & Society
Summary
A letter from Harvard President Josiah Quincy requesting Phineas Fish to provide details of his missionary work with the Indians in Barnstable County.
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Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag, Herring Pond Wampanoag Tribe
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A contract between Harvard College and Phineas Fish inviting him to take pastoral care of the Mashpee and Herring Pond Indian communities
1833.12.20.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy, Culture & Society
Summary
A letter from Josiah Quincy to Phineas Fish discussing Fish's concerns about the charges against him, William Apes' meeting with Governor Levi Lincoln, and the Williams Fund
1833.12.07.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty, Arts & Abstract Ideas
Summary
A letter from Phineas Fish regarding the charges against him, the condition of the Mashpee, and the policies of William Apes
1826.07.11.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy, Culture & Society
Summary
A letter to Judge John Davis from Phineas Fish regarding his salary and his fears about how any reduction of it might hurt his family and disrupt his ministry at Mashpee
1826.01.25.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy, Culture & Society
Summary
A letter to Harvard President Kirkland, Fish remarks on the condition of his ministry to the Mashpee, the need for schools, and the potential addition of Colored members to his parish.
1824.05.01.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Culture & Society, Arts & Abstract Ideas
Summary
A letter to Harvard President Kirkland, Fish reports on the condition of the Mashpee and his ministry to them and to others in the community. Refers Kirkland to Gideon Hawley for more information.
1811.08.23.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A contract from the Overseers of Mashpee providing Phineas fish with the annual use of certain Mashpee lands and a recommendation to convey a deed for land on which his house may be built