Mashpee

Mashpee is a town located on Cape Cod, Massachusetts has been the home of the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe for approximately 12,000 years.  The Mashpee Wampanoag are one of the original sixty-nine tribes that belonged to the Wampanoag Nation.  Originally, the Marshpee (later called Mashpee) Tribe was under the oversight of English missionaries for nearly 200 years.  The reservation period in Mashpee officially began in 1677 and restricted the freedom of the Mashpee Wampanoag people until 1868.  From that time up until around 1975 the tribal people were in control of the Mashpee town government, were active business owners and the predominant town residents.  As town and federal politics dramatically changed over the years, the tribe maintained its autonomy as a non-profit organization until 2007 when federal recognition was finally granted after a 30-year legal land suit.

The Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe has both traditional and conventional leadership and maintains a government-to-government relationship with all federal agencies to support the health, education, and welfare needs of the tribe.  The traditional leadership includes the Chief and his Circle of advisers, Medicine Man, and Clan Mothers.  The Chief and Medicine Man have permanent seats at the Tribal Council table to ensure cultural concerns are included in decision-making. Tribal members seek advice, ceremony, and social justice from these leaders.
 

Economically the tribe has adapted and maintained a number of different survival methods besides hunting, fishing, and planting.  During the 17th and 18th centuries tribesmen were involved in the fur, rope, timber, and sassafras trade.  Then in the 19th and early 20th centuries they engaged in the whaling industry, sailing the Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic and Indian Oceans.  

The Corporation of Harvard College, being entrusted with certain funds, destined for the support of the Gospel, among the Indians, employed Mr. Phineas Fish as a Candidate in the Plantation of Mashpee. It having appeared that he is acceptable and useful in that situation, he has been invited to take the pastoral charge of the people in that place, with occasional services to the Indians at Herring Pond, to which invitation he has consented.

The undersigned, Overseers of the Plantation of Mashpee, in the County of Barnstable, in consideration that the Reverend Mr.

1835.00.00.01_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag, Herring Pond Wampanoag Tribe, Chappaquiddick
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
James Walker's notes on Phineas Fish's appointment at Mashpee and listing of families there, with mention of other Vineyard Native congregants
1835.00.00.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Christiantown, Mashpee Wampanoag, Chappaquiddick, Wampanoag Tribe of Gay Head (Aquinnah)
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
List of Mashpee voters in favor of or against Phineas Fish, with another list of Indian families at Christiantown
1810.09.08.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy
Summary
Directions from the Harvard Corporation to Frederick Baylies regarding his services
1835.12.25.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag, Chappaquiddick
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy
Summary
A letter discussing the state of affairs of Frederick Baylies' school and Sabbath meetings
1835.12.10.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts
Summary
A letter discussing how the provisions of Daniel William's will relates to Baylies and Fish
1835.10.17.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag, Herring Pond Wampanoag Tribe
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty, Arts & Abstract Ideas
Summary
An evaluation of the state of affairs at Mashpee with respect to the spending of the Williams Fund
1835.10.03.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag, Herring Pond Wampanoag Tribe
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
1834.02.03.00_page1.jpg
Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty, Arts & Abstract Ideas