Mashpee

Mashpee is a town located on Cape Cod, Massachusetts has been the home of the Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe for approximately 12,000 years.  The Mashpee Wampanoag are one of the original sixty-nine tribes that belonged to the Wampanoag Nation.  Originally, the Marshpee (later called Mashpee) Tribe was under the oversight of English missionaries for nearly 200 years.  The reservation period in Mashpee officially began in 1677 and restricted the freedom of the Mashpee Wampanoag people until 1868.  From that time up until around 1975 the tribal people were in control of the Mashpee town government, were active business owners and the predominant town residents.  As town and federal politics dramatically changed over the years, the tribe maintained its autonomy as a non-profit organization until 2007 when federal recognition was finally granted after a 30-year legal land suit.

The Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe has both traditional and conventional leadership and maintains a government-to-government relationship with all federal agencies to support the health, education, and welfare needs of the tribe.  The traditional leadership includes the Chief and his Circle of advisers, Medicine Man, and Clan Mothers.  The Chief and Medicine Man have permanent seats at the Tribal Council table to ensure cultural concerns are included in decision-making. Tribal members seek advice, ceremony, and social justice from these leaders.
 

Economically the tribe has adapted and maintained a number of different survival methods besides hunting, fishing, and planting.  During the 17th and 18th centuries tribesmen were involved in the fur, rope, timber, and sassafras trade.  Then in the 19th and early 20th centuries they engaged in the whaling industry, sailing the Atlantic, Pacific, Arctic and Indian Oceans.  

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Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty, Arts & Abstract Ideas
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Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag, Herring Pond Wampanoag Tribe, Chappaquiddick
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
James Walker's notes on Phineas Fish's appointment at Mashpee and listing of families there, with mention of other Vineyard Native congregants
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Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag, Herring Pond Wampanoag Tribe
Category
Uncategorized
Summary
An evaluation of the state of affairs at Mashpee with respect to the spending of the Williams Fund
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Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag, Chappaquiddick
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts
Summary
A letter discussing the state of affairs of Frederick Baylies' school and Sabbath meetings
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Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag, Herring Pond Wampanoag Tribe
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
James Walker's questions regarding Mashpee, Herring Pond, and Martha's Vineyard, with partial replies
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Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A number of Mashpee find their support of the religious institutions is based upon their ancestors' example
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Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
Summary
A roster of 41 Mashpee men voters
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Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts
Summary
A letter discussing how the provisions of Daniel William's will relates to Baylies and Fish
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Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts, Work, Poverty, & Economy, Geography, Land, & the Environment, Culture & Society, Politics, Power, & Sovereignty
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Community
Native Northeast Research Collaborative, Mashpee Wampanoag
Category
Education, Religion, & Missionary Efforts
Summary
Directions from the Harvard Corporation to Frederick Baylies regarding his services