Stiles' Notes on the Quinnipiac Indians
Dr. Ruggles says there lately died an Indian man in Guilford, when it was remarked that then remained alive only one Indian man more from Saybrook Ferry to New Haven Ferry. And that in the doctor’s memory there were several wigwams in Guilford, but now for a long time not one. Besides the surviving man Indian there were a few squaws with their children.1
Sachems Head called so because a sachem’s head was struck off in that place.2
Cohabit North Bristol
Paug Quanapaug Pond
Sibbie Hill Name of the territory is Tuxisshoag
Totoket Tuxis Pond, 40 rods across
Branford Guilford East Guilford
10 miles or 8 12 miles Tuxis Island
Tapamshashack River Totoket Hill
- 1. Despite Ruggles’ conclusions, a number of Indians lived in the West Pond section of Guilford as well as along coastal New Haven County. The Connecticut census of 1774 indicated a population of twenty-three Indian residents in Guilford, eleven in New Haven, four in Branford, and four in Wallingford.
- 2. Sachem’s Head in present Guilford, Connecticut marks the site of the execution of two captive Pequot sachems following the Mystic fort massacre during the Pequot War. Samuel Gardiner Drake, Biography and History of the Indians of North America, Book II (Boston: Benjamin B. Mussey, 1845), 86-87.