Petition of Mamaho's Widow and Other Eastern Pequots to the Connecticut General Assembly

To the Honorable the Governor and General Assembly Sitting at Hartford, May 9, 1723                                               

The petition of we, the subscribers, in behalf of the rest of Momoho's men and their posterity humbly showeth,

Whereas our fathers, viz., Momoho and his men, ventured their lives with the English in the Narragansett war, Momoho's eldest son, named Wootagonkquam, was with the enemy Indians, the Narragansetts, and had no other son.  Yet for his great love that he had for the English he went in person with all his men against the said enemy (and his own son, likewise) from first to last of that war!   And he never knew, but that he himself might slay his own son!  So great was his love, faithfulness and fidelity to the English, even against the bonds of nature!1 And for that service this Court fixed the land for our fathers to plant and, as they have told us, we and our children forever, according to Mr. Wheeler’s covenant with the gentlemen hereafter named, in behalf of the Colony.  And we always were told by the English upon us likewise and our children forever.  Therefore we, the subscribers, in behalf of all the rest that are of the descent of Momoho and his men, male and female, which are now surviving, are above one hundred and thirty as we shall set forth and demonstrate to this Assembly.  And whereas the gentlemen committee sent by this Assembly last October, in their return to this Assembly, says the English did inform them that the number of the Indians belonging to Momoho and his company, that is now extant or descended from them, and they say the English informed them that there was three men and four squaws and of male children twenty four, twenty of which are bound servants to the English.  It looks as though the English mentioned in said return, viz., Mr. Henry Stevens, Ebenezer Billing, Adam Gallup, John Gallup, William Gallup, had told them there was no more than they mentioned in said return.  The aforementioned gentlemen told said committee no such thing, as they say!  And whereas said committee says there be twenty of which are bound servants to the English, though we have bound out some of our children to the English for learning and education; 'tis no other wise than the English bind out their children, each to other, etc.  Our children are free at the same age and time as the English children are which are bound out.  The said committee seems, in their return, as if a small quantity of land would suffice us and our posterity to plant upon, not considering what great disadvantages we are under for want of dung!  When we have wore out our planting land, we must always be breaking up new land, so that a small quantity of land will starve us!  We do humbly desire this honorable assembly, according to the true intent and meaning of Mr. Isaac Wheeler’s, deceased, agreement with the gentlemen committee, viz., Captain James Avery and Lieutenant Thomas Leffingwell, A.D. 1683, to confer all said planting ground, according to the boundaries set forth in said agreement, upon us, and upon our children, forever.  Hoping and believing that your honors will not cast us off and let all our former fidelity and services be forgotten, all which we humbly submit to your honor’s wisdom and goodness,     

Sunksqua, her mark

Oskoosooduck, her mark

Quenemesuck, his mark

Tobe Sokiant, his mark

Sam Sowas, his mark        

Moas, his mark

Weeyoahozzen, his mark

Ned, his mark                                                        

Kindness, his mark    Grandsons to Wootagonkquam, deceased                           

                     Notation:       The Pequot Indians’ petition

                     Cataloguing:  22a-b, 28

  • 1. The preceding text contained within parenthesis was originally written in the margin of the document, but the author signaled that it should be inserted at this point.